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Solovej ('The Nightingale') (1886) Op. 60 no.4

Solovej ('The Nightingale')

Solovej moj, solovejko!
Ptica malaja, lesnaja!
U tebja l', u maloj pticy,
Nezamennye tri pesni,
U menja li, u molodca,
Tri velikije zaboty!
Kak uzh pervaja zabota --
Rano molodca zhenili;
A vtoraja-to zabota --
Voron kon' moj pritomilsja;
Kak uzh tret'ja-to zabota --
Krasnu-devicu so mnoju
Razluchili zlye ljudi.
Vy kopajte mne mogilu
Vo pole, pole shirokom,
V golovakh mne posadite
Aly cvetiki-cvetochki,
A v nogakh mne provedite
Chistu vodu kljuchevuju.
Projdut mimo krasny devki,
Tak spletut sebe kepochki:
Projdut mimo stary ljudi,
Tak vody sebe zacherpnut.

The Nightingale

Oh nightingale, my little nightingale!
Little bird, oh woodland bird!
Do you not have, oh little bird,
Three unchanging songs,
Do I not have, brave young lad,
Three great cares!
The first is this –
I was married off too young;
The second –
My raven steed has grown weary;
And the third of them –
My fair maid and I
Have been separated by evil folk.
Dig me a grave for me
In the field, in the wide field,
At my head, plant
Scarlet flower, those little flowers,
And at my feet let
Pure spring water flow.
If fair maidens should pass by,
Have them weave garlands for themselves;
If old folk should pass by,
Have them take a drink of water.

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Composer

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer of the Romantic period. His works are still among the most popular music in the classical repetoire, and he is widely acknowledged as the first Russian composer to make a lasting international impression.

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Poet

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (6 June 1799 – 10 February 1837) was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.

Pushkin was born into Russian nobility in Moscow. His father, Sergey Lvovich Pushkin, belonged to Pushkin noble families. A maternal great-grandfather was African-born general Abram Petrovich Gannibal. He published his first poem at the age of 15, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Upon graduation from the Lycee, Pushkin recited his controversial poem "Ode to Liberty", one of several that led to his being exiled by Tsar Alexander the First. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar's political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.

Pushkin was fatally wounded in a duel with his brother-in-law, Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès, also known as Dantes-Gekkern, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment, who attempted to seduce the poet's wife, Natalia Pushkina.

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