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Songs

Songs

Au pied de mon lit (1914)


Part of a series or song cycle:

Clairières dans le ciel


Au pied de mon lit

Au pied de mon lit, une Vierge négresse
fut mise par ma mère. Et j’aime cette Vierge
d’une religion un peu italienne.
Virgo Lauretana, debout dans un fond d’or,
qui me faites penser à mille fruits de mer
que l’on vend sur les quais où pas un souffle d’air
n’émeut les pavillons qui lourdement s’endorment,
Virgo Lauretana, vous savez qu’en ces heures
où je ne me sens pas digne d’être aimé d’elle
c’est vous dont le parfum me rafraîchit le cœur.

At the foot of my bed

At the foot of my bed, my mother placed
a negress Virgin. And I love this Virgin
with its faintly Italian religion.
Virgo Lauretana, standing on a gold background,
you make me think of a thousand fruits de mer
sold on quaysides where no breath of air
stirs the flags which fall listlessly asleep;
Virgo Lauretana, you know that at such hours
when I feel myself unworthy of her love,
it is your scent that refreshes my heart.

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Composer

Lili Boulanger (1893-1918) is often described as one of the most gifted composers of the twentieth century, however, her promise was cut short by early death. She achieved a degree of posthumous renown which is exceptional among women composers.

Together with her older sister Nadia, she was born into a musical family, showed early talent and received an outstanding musical education. She received lessons in organ, piano accompaniment and harmony and played the violin, cello, harp and piano.

Despite an early diagnosis of bronchial pneumonia and constant illness, she was the first woman to win the coveted Prix de Rome aged 19. Her visit to the city was soon interrupted by World War I. She returned for a few months in 1916 but was often bedridden by illness. After an operation that brought only a temporary reprieve, Boulanger focused on completing what she could before her death aged 24. 24 of 64 surviving works were published, and much of what remains is incomplete, in sketch form or lost. Religious music was especially important to her.

Boulanger left a significant contribution to song in Clairières dans le ciel, a cycle of thirteen settings of deeply reflective texts by her contemporary Francis Jammes. The poems are steeped in nostalgia and yearning, and replete with evocative natural symbols such as flowers and birds. The resultant avant-garde, luminous musical style is very distant from the salon world many contemporaries favoured. Her performance direction was that the melodies should be sung 'with the feeling of evoking a past that has remained fresh’. 

One biographer has argued that she identified with the subject of the poems, a young girl who is tenderly recalled by the poet. In addition, Creole influences can be discerned in the text, such as the mention of a black Virgin; Jammes (according to his close friend Darius Milhaud) had ancestors from the West Indies. The cycle was dedicated to Gabriel Fauré and eight of the songs were orchestrated by her. It is approximately 35 minutes long.

Alongside much choral music and an incomplete opera, Boulanger also wrote the song ‘Le Retour’ for mezzo-soprano and piano, which she also arranged for SATB choir; and ‘Dans l‘immense tristesse’ for alto and piano to a text by Bertha Galeron de Calone, a poet who lost her sight and hearing. Both songs were republished in 1979.

© Natasha Loges, 2022


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